Carcinogens in the News

The CAREX Canada team offers two regular newsletters: the biannual e-Bulletin summarizing information on upcoming webinars, new publications, and updates to estimates and tools; and the monthly Carcinogens in the News, a digest of media articles, government reports, and academic literature related to the carcinogens we’ve classified as important for surveillance in Canada. Sign up for one of these newsletters, or both, below.

World Cancer Report: Cancer Research for Cancer Prevention

IARC – Starting with the latest trends in cancer incidence and mortality worldwide, this publication provides wide-ranging insights into cancer prevention based on the known causes of cancer, factors that determine how cancer develops, and the behaviour of different tumour types, and presents a broad scope of interventions to reduce the cancer burden from a global perspective, including addressing inequalities that affect cancer prevention.
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Occupation as a predictor of prostate cancer screening behaviour in Canada

Journal of Medical Screening – Researchers identified variations in prostate cancer screening by occupation among men in Montreal, Canada. They found substantial disparities in prostate cancer screening by occupation, and that men in occupations where carcinogen exposures are more common are less likely to participate in prostate screening activities. The study authors note that this could be an important source of bias and should be accounted for in occupational studies of prostate cancer.
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Quebec City to invest $50M over 10 years to replace lead pipes

CBC News – Quebec City will be replacing approximately 8,000 intake pipes in its municipal water system over the next decade, to get rid of lead pipes that were used in the construction of commercial and residential buildings. Quebec City estimates there are around 80,000 households on its territory that were built before 1980, when the province’s building regulations banned the use of lead pipes.
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EPA looks at 3D printing emissions

EHS Today – Working in cooperation with the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is studying possible harmful emissions that are released during the 3D printing process. The most concerning of the emissions are volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Although there have been many studies on the effects of VOCs produced by 3D printing, none of the research considered how these emissions change when certain additives are introduced to the 3D printing filament.
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New asbestos video offers primer on hidden killer

Ontario Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development – A new video from the Ontario Ministry of Labour, Training & Skills Development outlines the risks posed by asbestos as well as the roles and responsibilities of workers, employers and site owners to mitigate these risks and ensure worker safety.
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Largest study yet offers no clear talc link to ovarian cancer

CBC News – U.S. researchers who conducted the largest study yet into whether applying powder to the genitals increases a woman’s risk of ovarian cancer were unable to definitively put to rest the issue that has prompted thousands of lawsuits against Johnson & Johnson and other companies. Overall, the study did not find a significantly increased risk of ovarian cancer, but there appeared to be a heightened risk among certain women who used the products.
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Deciphering the code between air pollution and disease: The effect of particulate matter on cancer hallmarks

International Journal of Molecular Sciences – In this review, researchers summarize and discuss the evidence regarding the effect of particulate matter (PM) and its impact in carcinogenesis, considering the “hallmarks of cancer” including sustained proliferative signaling, evasion of growth suppression, resistance to cell death, acquisition of replicative immortality, angiogenesis induction, and activation of invasion and metastasis. They found that exposure to particulate matter induces multiple hallmarks of cancer seen during tumor development.
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Stanford water expert discusses wildfire’s threat to water quality

Stanford News – When fires jump from forests and grasslands to urban areas, they incinerate household and industrial items such as computers and cars, leaving behind a stew of chemicals and heavy metals. Rain can wash this into streams, rivers and municipal water treatment systems unprepared to deal with the toxic deluge. Heavy sediment loads from wildfire-related erosion can also clog water systems and strain treatment requirements.
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Evidence-based occupational health and safety interventions: a comprehensive overview of reviews

Occupational and Environmental Medicine – The aim of this overview of reviews is to provide a comprehensive basis to inform evidence-based decision-making about interventions in the field of OHS. According to the study authors, this is the first comprehensive overview of behavioural, relational and mixed interventions and their effectiveness in preventing occupational injuries and diseases. It provides policymakers with an important basis for making evidence-based decisions on interventions in this field.
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The price of recycling old laptops: Toxic fumes in Thailand’s lungs

New York Times – The e-waste industry is booming in Southeast Asia, and despite a ban on imports, Thailand is a center of the business. In addition to the danger posed to workers, if some types of electronic waste aren’t incinerated at a high enough temperature, dioxins, which can cause cancer and developmental problems, infiltrate the food supply. Without proper safeguarding, toxic heavy metals can also seep into the soil and groundwater.
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Short-term home radon tests faulty 99% of the time, Calgary study finds

CBC News – Short-term radon test kits are not an effective way to find out if your home has unsafe levels of the dangerous gas, a new study says. Researchers from the University of Calgary placed two test kits — a five-day and 90-day — in the same homes. Tests were done during the summer and winter months. The results showed that the short-term kits were imprecise up to 99% of the time when compared to a long-term test.
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Living near busy roads ‘increases risk of lung cancer by 10 per cent’

The Independent – Living within 50 metres of a major road can increase the risk of lung cancer by up to 10 per cent, according to new research on air pollution. The study, released by a coalition of 15 health and environment organizations, also showed that proximity to busy highways can stunt children’s lung development by up to 14 per cent.
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Nova Scotia buying 100 more radon detectors so people can test their homes

CBC News – Nova Scotia is spending $30,000 to ensure more people across the province have access to radon detectors. In 2017, 150 radon detectors were made available through library systems across the province, but the program became so popular there are eight-month waiting lists in some areas. The extra funds announced on Thursday will add 100 more detectors for libraries around the province and is expected to cut wait lists in half.
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Air pollution nanoparticles linked to brain cancer for first time

The Guardian – New research has linked air pollution nanoparticles to brain cancer for the first time. The ultra-fine particles (UFPs) are produced by fuel burning, particularly in diesel vehicles, and higher exposures significantly increase people’s chances of getting the deadly cancer. Previous work has shown that nanoparticles can get into the brain and that they can carry carcinogenic chemicals.
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Report of the Advisory Group to recommend priorities for the IARC Monographs during 2020–2024

IARC – An Advisory Group of 29 scientists from 18 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in March 2019 to recommend priorities for the IARC Monographs programme during 2020–2024. The Advisory Group recommended a broad range of agents with high, medium, or low priority for evaluation. High priority agents include metalworking fluids, sedentary behavior, acrylamide, gasoline, firefighting, acetaldehyde, bisphenol A, and more.
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The CAREX Canada team offers two regular newsletters: the biannual e-Bulletin summarizing information on upcoming webinars, new publications, and updates to estimates and tools; and the monthly Carcinogens in the News, a digest of media articles, government reports, and academic literature related to the carcinogens we’ve classified as important for surveillance in Canada. Sign up for one or both of these newsletters below.

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